Fertility Supplements and Prescriptions

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Review of Prescription Fertility Medications & Non-Prescription Fertility Supplements

Prescription Drugs for Infertility / Ovulation Induction

Women in treatment for infertility issues may use prescription drugs to stimulate their ovaries into producing and releasing ova. This is called ovulation induction - and by altering the chemistry of reproductive hormones, infertility medications may support the development of the ovarian follicle and the release of the egg from the ovarian follicle (ovulation).

Fertility drugs are categorized under two rubrics: oral or injectible. Clomiphene citrate (Clomid or Serophene) falls into the first category. The latter category, called gonadotropins (PergonalR, HumegonR, RepronexR, FollistimR, Gonal-FR ), are injectible drugs designed to stimulate the ovary to produce many follicles each cycle. These medications can be combined with intercourse, intrauterine insemination, or in-vitro fertilization (IVF).

Clomid: Clomiphene citrate (brand name Clomid, Serophene) is used to induce ovulation. Clomiphene citrate is an orally administered medication. Clomiphene citrate appears to act on the hypothalamus and is useful for women who do not ovulate due to hypothalamic or pituitary problems. Given early in the menstrual cycle (day three to day seven), it suppresses the amount of naturally circulating estrogen. This "tricks" the pituitary into producing more follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). These hormones then stimulate the ovary to ripen a follicle and release an egg (ovulate). Of patients who are properly screened for use of this drug, about 70 percent will ovulate, and 40 percent of those will become pregnant. Clomid is not for everyone, so proper screening and diagnosis is vital. Do not assume you need clomid simply because your cycle is irregular.

Follistim: Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is a naturally occurring hormone. FSH is important in the development of follicles (eggs) produced by the ovaries. Follistim is used to stimulate a follicle (egg) to develop and mature. It is used when a woman's ovaries can produce a follicle but hormonal stimulation is not sufficient to make the follicle mature. Follistim is also used to stimulate the development of multiple eggs for in vitro fertilization. Follistim can be used by men to increase the production of sperm as well. Follistim may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide; as with all prescription fertility medications, there are contraindications and potential issues and proper screening before prescription is imperative.

Metformin: Metaformin is often used to treat infertility in women who have not achieved pregnancy using drugs like Clomid. Metaformin is used as a therapy for polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and anovulation. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a common cause of anovulation and infertility. Women with PCOS fail to ovulate regularly, and exhibit irregular or non-existent menstrual cycles. Metformin has been used to treat diabetes in the past. Recently, it has been discovered that Metformin can facilitate ovulation in some women with PCOS. Metformin may be prescribed alone or in conjunction with clomiphene citrate (clomid).

Non-Prescription Herbal-Nutritional Fertility Supplements

There are currently two leading non-prescription fertility supplements: FertilAid and Fertilityblend. Both supplement brands offer a men and women's formula and are formulated by medical professionals and nutritionists, with proprietary vitamins/herbal formulas validated by clinical studies and established scientific research. Both FertilAid and Fertilityblend for women contain vitex (chastetree berry, vitex agnus-castus). Studies on vitex yield impressive results in increasing a woman's chances to conceive. Both FertilAid and Fertilityblend for women offer vitamins formulations as well, and include folic acid, a vitamin that has been shown to decrease the risk of birth defects.

According to Jill Stansbury, N.D., the herbs most commonly used to promote fertility include:

  • Chastetree berry (Vitex agnus-castus): Stimulates the release of luteinizing hormone (LH) from the pituitary gland, which promotes ovulation. May restore normal periods in women with amenorrhea. Amenorrhea is defined as the absence of menstrual periods.
  • Dong quai (Angelica sinensis): Commonly used to treat female complaints, dong quai tones a weak uterus by promoting metabolism within the organ, improving menstrual cycle rhythms and regulating hormonal control.
  • Red clover blossoms (Trifolium pratense): This fertility promoter is rich in isoflavones, estrogenlike compounds.
  • Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra): A Japanese study found licorice helps women with high testosterone and low estrogen levels, a circumstance commonly found in those with polycystic ovary disease.
  • Black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa): Acts in same capacity as chastetree berry, but also contains isoflavones, which help bind estrogen receptors in the body.
  • Wild yam (Dioscorea villosa): The pharmaceutical industry has used wild yam for decades in the production of steroids and hormones such as progesterone and cortisone. In its natural form, this herb may help prevent habitual miscarriage due to hormonal imbalance.
  • False unicorn root (Chamalerium luteum): Useful for women who suffer from pelvic congestion. May prevent miscarriage due to uterine weakness.

Before using any herbal tinctures or herbal medications, do consult with your doctor. Also, as the makers of FertilAid and Fertilityblend indicate, do not take any herbal fertility medications while you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Back to Infertility and Fertility Medications
Related Articles: Ovarian Reserve and FSH



i loved it


Great read. The people who having fertility problems can now relax as the website has posted an article about the prescribed medicines of this disease. Cheers. Keep posting.

Hello I am 24 years old and my husband and I have been trying for our first baby for the last 7 months. I recently started fertileaid but nothing yet my periods are some what irregular usually rang from a 22 day cycle to a 25 day cycle my last period was on February 12th and havnt stared yet this month. we really want to have a baby please help.

I had sex on nov 29 and ovulated the 9th and had sex again the next day. So on the 18th I started spotting but showed only when I wiped. It lasted for 6 days and stopped.I was supposed to get af on the 30th but nothing then on Jan 6 I started spotting again but this time for longer and barely enough to fill up a pantyliner and reg tampon but it did show in urine no cramps just very faint discomfort on both lower sides and at times feels as if it comes down to my mid thighs..??? What can this be? No preg symptoms just get very very sleepy fatigued and tired no cramping. Af is somewhat irregular I'm either 3 or 4 days late and get heavy periods and semi painful cramps and nothing like that this time????? Pls comment.... And only positive pls no smart mouth comments

fsh-5.o5 lh-1.23 prolactin-9.69 tsh-1.78
i have irregular period since menarche.dr says it is due to hormonal problem.i want baby.so advice best treatment

my partner works away, and is always away when i ovulate, he can't change his roster at with his job. Is there anyway of changing when I ovulate to when he is home.
I have been check out and everything s in working order, its just that he is always home at the wrong time of the month, we have been trying for 18mths.

Went to dr, was told there's no reason I can't have a baby... Now 13 years later, at age 36, married for 2 1/2 years... still no baby. Husband has 6, from previous relationship, therefore the problem lies with me. After no menstrual for approximately 8 years my dr prescribed BC pills, I bled for like 5 months straight... EVERY DAY!!! Thought I would die! That was over 6 years ago... and no period since. No period means no ovulating, and no ovulating means no baby-- and for me no baby means no completion.

Too much is bad for nothing.
Go for healthy diet...
have fresh air...........
Go for mild excercise.....
Be happy.......
Everything will be ok.Im sure.

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