Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

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What is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?
What is Anovulation?


An estimated 10 % of women of childbearing age have Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), making PCOS a leading cause of infertility. PCOS is a complex issue and no one knows its exact cause. In infertility cases, women with PCOS may produce too much insulin, which in turn causes the ovaries to over-produce male hormones called androgens. This can lead to a number of symptoms, including excessive hair growth, weight gain, and ovulation issues and infertility.

Frequently, women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) have problems with their menstrual cycle and issues with ovulation (or anovulation). In women with PCOS, the ovaries do not produce sufficient hormones and the egg or ovum may not mature. In PCOS, developing ova may remain as cysts (or appear cyst-like). In such cases, ovulation does not take place and the reproductive hormones are thrown out of balance, specifically progesterone. Without hormonal balance and progesterone, a woman’s menstrual cycle may be irregular or absent. As noted above, the ovaries (or ovarian cysts) can produce male hormones called androgens.

Symptoms of PCOS include infrequent menstrual periods, no menstrual periods, and/or irregular bleeding, infertility or inability to get pregnant because of a failure to ovulate, increased growth of hair on the face, chest, or stomach, weight gain or obesity, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure.

For trying-to-conceive women, treatments of PCOS include fertility medications: Clomiphene (pills) and Gonadotropins (shots) can be used to stimulate the ovary to ovulate. Natural fertility supplements, such as FertilAid for Women, are popular with PCOS sufferers as well.

What is Anovulation and Amenorrhea?

Anovulation is indicated when a woman does not ovulate, or release an egg, during her menstrual cycle. Anovulation may occur in women with PCOS, as well as women with other infertility issues. For some women with infertility symptoms, the ovaries/follicles do not develop properly, the egg does not mature, and ovulation may not take place every cycle, may take place sporadically, or in some cases, ovulation may not take place at all.

Who who experience anovulation women may never ovulate without the help of fertility drugs. Also, women may also experience amenorrhea, or have no menstrual periods for months or even years at a time.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a very common cause of anovulation and infertility. When it is suspected, additional testing may be indicated. In cases of anovulation or PCOS, clomiphene (pills) and Gonadotropins (shots) can be used to stimulate ovulation.

Back to Infertility and Fertility Medications

Comments

I've had PCOS for about five years now and the two things that are just the worst, is the pain from cramps and the hair EVERYWHERE. I have to shave almost every (or wax) every part of my body or I look like a man. If I left my face unshaven for a week, I'd have a beard to rival my boyfriend! I have tried every drug suggested by my doctor and none have worked for anything other than regulating me. At first the doctor told me I would never be able to get pregnant, something that killed me inside because my life goal is to be a wonderful wife and mother. Then I was told that the cysts are popping (excruciatingly painful) and that I could get pregnant. No we are back to bleeding everyday and no ovulating but maybe once a year or so, something that can not be predicted. So do not give up trying to have children but never get your hopes truly up, or you will be crushed when those tests come back negative.

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i am of 25 and was married in september 2013.in feb 2014 i came to know that i have pcos so Dr suggested me glucophage and folic acid tablets daily and cerophene during my periods.after using it i went on 12th day of my period for checkup Dr told that now she can see small follicles but not a bigger one.next month i ate duphaston before periods and cerophene 2 tablets daily during periods.but couldnot avail the alternate days with my partner.but we did try some days like on 8th, 12th, 15th, 22nd day of my cycle but not conceived. now in july i suffered by candida discharge from cervix and vagina. Dr duggested canesten and surbex.. and Dr advised me to try another course of duphaston and cerophene next month after curing candida discharge infection.. nw please help me and guide me how to conceive? i want it soon.please

I am 33 year old and I have pcos with most of the symthoms that come with it. I have periods for like one or two times for the year with heavy bleeding and severe pain.
I have being trying to have a baby for over 7 years until in 2013 I got pregnant. I couldn't beleive it myself even doctors were
stunned because the last time I had a period was in October 2012.I had a good pregnancy with no major problems apart from the morning sickness that comes with pregnancy.I encourage everyone
with this problem to keep healthy and maintain a good weight. It is also important to try to get rid of the cysts before trying because it gives u a good Chance of conceive. I am the proud mother of 6 month old baby boy and I need my daughter soon.

I was diagnosed with PCOS and Endometriosis as a teenager, my periods were out of wack for years, I went from bleeding for 3 months straight to no periods at all, tons of ER trips in extreme pain from cyst but no diagnosis for years... after diagnosis, tried clomid and metformin 2 separate times for a couple months, 1 treatment before laproscopy to remove cyst and endo, another after surgery but it only caused more larger cyst. No sucess but I could feel myself ovulating on both ovaries! I was 20 years old, happily married and wanted a baby more than anything! I finally gave up and started looking into adoption. :'( 2 months later I found out I was pregnant! I had a baby boy who is now 8 years old, I nursed him for 13 months and had no periods from nursing, I quit nursing and started having "normal periods" got pregnant a 2nd time and had a baby girl who is now 6 years old, same thing happened no period for 12 month's while nursing ect... few months later pregnant and I now have a 4 year old girl! I am now on birth control and take them without placebo week to skip periods, I was on a medication that interfered with my bc and got pregnant which ended in a miscarriage a few months ago, before mc I didn't have periods but since then I occasionally have one. I went one month without bc and I should actually be starting my period today but its not here and I have pelvic pain, pain during intercourse ect. Negative pregnancy test, I am thinking I have ovarian cyst again Sad My advice to all women dealing with pcos and or endometriosis don't give up! My dr told me that I wouldn't get pregnant, I have 3 kids and 1 pregnacy loss... if you're not trying to get pregnant take the bc and skip placebo week and have the joy of no periods! Good luck to all!

Hi
Iam 26yrs old and i got married in sep 2nd 2013 (its been 7 months now).We havent planned right from the begining but have been longing for a baby. we have diagnosed PCOS for me before 3 months and doctor put me on clomid 50mg,metformin 500mg susten 100mg,LM-FLO 1mg. I still get my periods very month but the cycle lenght varies.. and the flow is also a little less when compared to the flow right from my puberty..is this a very serious issue? Iam totally confused about when iam actually ovulating.But i get the egg white cervical mucus... and the pain in my lower abdomen which i take it as a ovulation pain... but nothing has turned out positive as of now.This month we tried 2days before my fertile window starts.. later we were not able to try due to health issues. Iam still in my 24th day of my cycle. Is there any possibility for me to get pregnant,if we try before ovulation as i heard the sperm can be alive for about 5 days? Kindly help me on this as i dont get a proper guidance...We are very badly in need of a baby

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